Immigration & Refugees
Immigration can have negative impacts on both the host (recipient) country, and the original country:
· Immigrants can be exploited for their cheap labor;
· Developing countries may suffer "brain drain" as the limited resources they spend in educating their students amount to very little if that talent is enticed to another country. (The UK for example is often accused of actively hiring medical staff from developing countries. The previous link details this issue further.)
· Immigration can also attract criminal elements, from trafficking in drugs and people to other forms of crime and corruption;
· Immigration can become a social/political issue, where racism can be used to exploit feelings or as an excuse for current woes of local population;
· Where there is a perception that immigrants and refugees appear to get more benefits than local poor people, tensions and hostilities can also rise;
· Concerns about illegal immigration can spill over to ill-feelings towards the majority of immigrants who are law-abiding and contributing to the economy;
· Many die trying to flee their predicament, and this can often make sensational headlines giving the appearance that immigration is largely illegal and "out of control."
Despite what appears to be large population movements, Gary Younge, from the Guardian noted some time ago that people still are not able to move as freely as commodities. In some places around the world, there are additional restrictions being put up on people’s movements.